QS World University Ranking has released a list of the best universities in the world for 2022. The QS methodology measures various aspects to determine the quality of universities.
There are many considerations to help students determine the right college. Some aspects that should be considered include location, cost, academic quality, campus safety, choice of majors, and other factors according to individual preferences.
Every university has a different environment. Students who are going to study can conduct research and observations by visiting several campuses of interest to find out more.
To assist students in choosing a university, the QS World University Rankings annually publishes research ranking the best universities in the world. The aim is to provide an overview for students to choose the appropriate university.
Methodology QS World University Rankings
The QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of world university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). QS has been conducting university ranking research since 2004 to provide independent, objective and data-driven results to help students choose the right university.
There are several aspects that are assessed in the QS World University Ranking methodology, namely:
- Academic Reputation (Academic Reputation) of 40% based on an internal global academic survey.
- The student-to-faculty ratio of 20% is a measure of teaching commitment.
- The number of References per Faculty (Citations per Faculty) is 20%, which is a measure of the impact of research through the total number of referrals.
- Employer Reputation of 10% based on a survey of graduate employers.
- The International Faculty Ratio is 5% based on the diversity of academic staff.
- The International Student Ratio 5% is a measure of the diversity of the student community.
Best Universities in the World QS World Ranking 2022 Version
Based on data from the QS World Ranking, the following are the 10 best universities in the world in 2022.
1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) was founded in 1861. Today, MIT is an independent university with five schools, namely:
- Architecture and Planning.
- Humanities, arts, and social sciences.
Popular majors at MIT according to the U.S. News & World Report includes:
- Computer Science (Computer Science).
- Mechanical Engineering (Mechanical Engineering).
- Mathematics (Mathematics).
- Physics (Physics).
- Aerospace Engineering (Aerospace Engineering).
- Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering (Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering).
- Econometrics and Quantitative Economics (Econometrics and Quantitative Economics).
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering (Electrical and Electronics Engineering).
- Biology/Biological Sciences (Biology/Biological Sciences).
- Chemical Engineering (Chemical Engineering).
MIT’s mission is to advance knowledge and educate students in science, technology and other fields to best serve the nation and the world. MIT is committed to generating, disseminating, and preserving knowledge, and working together to meet challenges.
The MIT campus is located between Central and Kendall Squares, and across the Charles River from Back Bay Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States.
Notable MIT alumni include:
- Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, astronaut and second man to walk on the moon with Apollo 11.
- Amar Bose, CEO of Bose Corporation.
- Charles Koch, CEO of Koch Industries.
- Lisa Su, CEO of Advanced Micro Devices.
2. University of Oxford
There is no exact source of its establishment, but teaching and learning activities began to appear at the University of Oxford (University of Oxford) in 1096 and have grown rapidly since 1167 according to the official website of the University of Oxford.
From the latest Oxford University data, there are more than 24,000 students at Oxford, comprising 11,955 undergraduates and 12,010 postgraduates. The University of Oxford is on a mission to provide the best education, conduct world-leading research, and make a significant contribution to society, locally, nationally and internationally.
Currently, there are 45 schools at the University of Oxford with more than 350 majors across disciplines. The academic year at the University of Oxford opens every year. The most popular majors according to Oxford University data are:
- Anatomy & Physiology (Anatomy & Physiology).
- Anthropology (Anthropology).
- Archeology (Archeology).
- Classics & Ancient History (Classics & Ancient History).
- English Language & Literature (English Language & Literature).
- Geography (Geography).
- Modern languages (Modern Languages).
- Pharmacy & Pharmacology (Pharmacy & Pharmacology).
Oxford University is located in the city of Oxford, United Kingdom about 90 km northwest of the capital London.
Some notable Oxford alumni are:
- Professor Sarah Gilbert, creator of AstraZeneca’s Covid-19 vaccine.
- Maudy Ayunda, actress and singer-songwriter.
- Tony Abbott, 28th Prime Minister of Australia.
- Professor Oliver Smithies, Nobel prize winning scientist.
- Sir Martin Ryle, Nobel prize winning physicist.
3. Stanford University
The third place for the best university in the world in 2022 was won by two universities, namely Stanford University and the University of Cambridge.
Stanford University is located in the San Francisco Bay Area, Stanford University was founded in 1885. There are currently 6,366 undergraduates and 8,791 postgraduates.
Stanford University’s main campus covers 8,180 acres in the center of the San Francisco Peninsula. The Stanford area has 49 miles of roads, two separate water systems, three dams, three open water reservoirs, 88 miles of aqueducts, and a post office.
The Stanford Central Energy Facility uses heat recovery and thermal storage systems to maximize efficiency in the university’s heating and cooling systems. Stanford’s main campus is located in six different government jurisdictions:
- 4,017 acres in Santa Clara.
- 2,701 hectares in San Mateo County.
- 1,161 hectares in Palo Alto.
- 114 acres in Woodside.
- 111 hectares in Menlo Park.
- 76 acres in Portola Valley.
There are 18 interdisciplinary research institutes and seven schools, namely:
- Graduate School of Business.
- School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences.
- Graduate School of Education.
- Technical School.
- School of Humanities and Sciences.
- Law School.
- Medical School.
The most popular majors at Stanford University according to the U.S. News & World Report includes:
- Computer and Information Sciences and Support Services.
- Multidisciplinary/Interdisciplinary Studies (Multi/Interdisciplinary Studies).
- Engineering (Engineering).
Stanford also has a rich tradition of developing creativity and the arts. There is a vibrant campus arts district and two world-class museums that host regular exhibitions.
To support the intake of campus residents, the dining facilities at Stanford University include eight dining rooms, a teaching kitchen, and an organic garden.
Notable Stanford University alumni include:
- Maudy Ayunda, actress and singer-songwriter.
- Reed Hastings, CEO of Netflix.
- Mike Krieger, co-founder of Instagram.
- Brian Acton, co-founder of WhatsApp.
4. University of Cambridge
Founded in 1209, the University of Cambridge is located in the center of Cambridge, 50 miles north of London. There are more than 18,000 students from all over the world.
Each “School” at the University of Cambridge is a grouping according to the administration of the related faculties and other units. Each has an elected supervisory board. There are six schools, namely:
- Arts and Humanities (Arts and Humanities).
- Biological Sciences (Biological Sciences).
- Clinical Medicine (Clinical Medicine).
- Humanities and Social Sciences (Humanities and Social Sciences).
- Physical Sciences (Physical Sciences).
- Technology (Technology).
Cambridge University does not have a main campus. Facilities and campuses are scattered throughout the city. The university also operates eight museums and a botanical garden. Cambridge students make up 20% of the city’s population according to Cambridgeshire County Council.
The University of Cambridge has 31 campuses, two of which, the Murray Edwards Campus and the Newnham Campus, only accept female students. In addition to 31 colleges, the university is made up of more than 150 departments, faculties, schools, syndicates and other institutions.
Teaching and research at the University of Cambridge is organized by a faculty that has an organizational sub-structure. In addition, a small number of bodies called ‘Syndicate’ have responsibilities for teaching and research.
- Some of the notable Cambridge University alumni are:
- Charles Darwin, Biologist and Scientist.
- Alan Turing, Mathematician and Logicist.
- Stephen Hawking, Mathematician and Physicist.
5. Harvard University
Founded in 1636, Harvard University is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, three miles northwest of Boston. Harvard University consists of Harvard College for undergraduates, 12 graduate schools, professional schools, and the Harvard Radcliffe Institute.
Harvard’s 209-acre (85 ha) main campus is centered on Harvard Yard which contains administrative offices, a library, and the Church. Harvard offers 50 undergraduate majors, 134 graduate degrees, and 32 professional degrees.
Some of the notable Harvard University alumni include:
- Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
- Bill Gates, Founder of Microsoft.
- John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States.